Hospitality & Tourism
When you pick up takeout food, eat in a restaurant or cafeteria, and enjoy food at catered events, you're helping support the hospitality industry. If you travel and stay in a hotel, bed-and-breakfast, or RV park, the tourism industry benefits. Going to baseball games, casinos, and museums are other activities that contribute to this industry's part of the economy.
As in most clusters, technology has changed how people work and serve customers. Some restaurants have recently decided to give customers tablets to use for ordering and paying for meals and for playing games while waiting to be served. Computer systems allow managers to track inventory and to set up worker schedules.
Hospitality and tourism occupations include many entry-level positions. Although some management jobs require postsecondary education, a high school diploma is sufficient for a number of occupations. The work environment for these occupations varies according to job function. Kitchen employees work in hot, noisy surroundings while event planners may spend much of their time in an office. Tourism workers often have schedules that depend on their locations and on special events and seasons. Industries that tend to employ the highest number of hospitality and tourism workers include full-service and fast-food restaurants, hotels and motels, janitorial companies, and public schools.
The following Core Skills are necessary for success in these occupations.
- Service Orientation - Looking for ways to help people
- Management of Financial Resources - Making spending decisions and keeping track of what is spent
- Coordination - Changing what is done based on other people's actions
- Social Perceptiveness - Understanding people's reactions
- Management of Material Resources - Managing equipment and materials
- Negotiation - Bringing people together to solve differences
- Persuasion - Talking people into changing their minds or their behavior
- Management of Personnel Resources - Selecting and managing the best workers for a job
- Time Management - Managing your time and the time of other people
- Monitoring - Keeping track of how well people and/or groups are doing in order to make improvements
Fields of Study in Hospitality & Tourism